The Office for National Statistics (ONS)  has just released statistics regarding the numbers of live births, stillbirths and the intensity of childbearing, measured by the total fertility rate for England and Wales 2018. The main points are:

  • There were 657,076 live births in England and Wales in 2018, a decrease of 3.2% since 2017 and a 9.9% decrease since the most recent peak in 2012.
  • The total fertility rate (TFR) decreased from 1.76 to 1.70 children per woman in 2018; this is lower than all previous years except 1977 and 1999 to 2002.
  • The crude birth rate (CBR) decreased from 11.6 to 11.1 live births per 1,000 total population in 2018; this is the lowest rate since records began in 1938.
  • Fertility rates decreased in all age groups except for women aged 40 years and over, where the rate remained at 16.1 births per 1,000 women of this age.
  • The proportion of live births to non-UK born mothers fell for the first time since 1990, from 28.4% to 28.2%.
  • The stillbirth rate reached a record low for the second year running in 2018, with 4.1 stillbirths per 1,000 total births.

To read this release in full please click here.